The beautiful paintings and embroidery work of Bihar handicrafts has a wide market across many countries. Handicrafts industry in Bihar serves as a good business for many poor and landless people.
Bihar is a state with rich culture and heritage, which is evident from the innumerable ancient monuments spread all over the state. A large number of tourists from all over the world visit Bihar every year. The state also possesses many sacred and religions places where large number of people visits for pilgrimage. This is the place where Buddhist religion also flourished. Besides, the handicrafts of Bihar are also very popular and noteworthy.
The crafts of Bihar are popular across the country. Of the many interesting crafts of Bihar, the Madhubani Paintings are most famous, which are mostly practiced in the region of Mithila. These paintings are painted during weddings and festivals as these are regarded as auspicious. These paintings mostly depict religious subjects like marriages of god and goddesses. Other crafts like bangles of Muzaffarpur are very famous. The Stone Work of Bihar is also a popular craft. Some beautiful exaples of stone images can be seen in cities like Gaya, Nalanda and Patna. Another craft in Bihar is Khatwa, which is an appliqué work of designing by cutting of one fabric and stitching the pieces to another fabric.
Different categories of Bihar handicrafts
Sujini and Khatwa Embroidery
Village paper mache handicrafts
Sujini and Khatwa Embroidery is famous as well as beautiful work of handicraft in Bihar. Sujini is a traditional quilt made with layers of old cloth for inner stuffing and this craft is mostly practiced in rural areas. For embroidery cotton or colorful threads are mostly used. The design in this craft mostly depicts village scene or religious scene. Khatwa is a kind of applique work in Bihar used to create decorative items like tents, canopies, shamianas, etc. This craft uses Persian designs and circular central motif designs.
Madhubani Paintings in Bihar is a craft practiced in Mithilanchal. This is a creative folk painting done by women in the traditional way. These paintings portray symbolic motifs, and religious scenes. For paintings natural colors are used, which range from red, yellow, green, ochre, brown and black. Originally, these painting were done by women on the walls of their houses, while these days the paintings are professionally produced on paper, canvas and textiles for international and national exhibitions.
Madhubani paintings Bihar, India. (Indian traditional Art)
Wood Inlay is one of Bihar's ancient crafts that continue to be done with different materials, like metal, ivory and stag-horn. This craft makes lovely decorative pieces, wall hangings, tabletops, trays, and a number of utility articles used for daily household needs.
Wood Inlay is one of Bihar's ancient crafts, which is now being done with different materials, like metal, ivory and horn and so on. This craft makes lovely decorative pieces, wall hangings, tabletops, trays, and a number of utility articles used for daily household needs
Lacquerware is a famous craft of Bihar. The use of lac has been going on for making beautiful items like boxes and bangles since early age. It is used to make decorative items and small boxes that most women use for keeping sindur. These boxes are designed with beautiful motifs.
The rich legacy of Bihar can also be seen in its Stonecrafts. Artisans in Bihar craft Buddhist icons, images and household articles. Gaya district has traditional stoneware center in Bihar.
Textile printing of Bihar is renown. This craft is done on cotton, wool and silk. Beautiful designs of floral and animal forms are printed in chunris
Sikki Work is a craft that uses grass, which is then hand-woven into nice baskets and mats
Village paper mache crafts from India are generaly made in every village of India, although village paper mache of Bihar is more famous, due to its painting style and making style. Artisans of Bihar use to make beautiful crafts with colourful paintingson them.
Manufacturers of Bihar handicrafts
1. Amiya Enterprises manufactures and exports madhubani painting, jute crafts and silk tussar fabric amongst others.
Address: Raghubansh Market, 1st Floor, Exhibition Road., Patna, Bihar
2. Maniar Exports manufactures lac bangles, handicrafts, and so on.
Address: Tatarpur, Bhagalpur, Bihar
3. Rizwan Bangles Indries deals in manufacture of lac bangles, lac handicrafts
Address: 309, Zakariya Colony, Sadpura, Muzaffarpur, Bihar
Exporters or export industry of Bihar handicrafts
1. Maniar Bangles deals in exporting lac bangles, wooden jewellery, lac handicraft, and decorative gift items
Address: Near Jain Petrol Pump,Tatarpur, Bhagalpur, Bihar
2. Embroidery exports madhubani paintings, sikki and other textiles
Address: 156-A, Ambedkar Path, Near Jagdeo Path, Bailley Road, Patna,, Bihar
The handicraft market of Bihar comprises f countries like USA, UK, GERMANY, UAE, and SPAIN.